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A capite ad calcem is a Latin phrase that translates to from head to heel in English. In a legal context, this phrase is used to signify completeness or entirety. It suggests that everything within a particular scope or domain is included or covered.
Lawyers use this term when they want to emphasize the comprehensive nature of a certain legal document, procedure, or investigation. It can be used in a variety of legal contexts, such as contracts, property rights, criminal investigations, etc.
For example, consider a situation where a lawyer is drafting a contract for the sale of a piece of property. The lawyer might use the term a capite ad calcem to indicate that the contract covers all aspects of the property, from the physical structure to the land it sits on, and everything in between. This ensures that there are no ambiguities about what is being sold and protects both parties from future disputes.