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Civil litigation is a legal process in which disputes between two or more parties are resolved by a judge in a court. The parties involved usually seek compensation in the form of money or performance rather than criminal sanctions.
In simpler terms, civil litigation is like a courtroom drama where two or more people have a disagreement. Instead of fighting it out themselves, they go to court and have a judge decide who is right. They aren’t looking to put anyone in jail like in criminal cases. Usually, one side wants the other to pay money or do something specific.