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Habeas Corpus is a Latin term which literally means you may have the body. In law, it is a significant principle implying a person can’t be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime. If you’re imprisoned, you can serve a writ of Habeas Corpus to the court, and the entity or person keeping you in custody must explain to the court why they have the right to hold you.
In simpler terms, imagine if you were playing a game and one player put you in game jail without telling you why. You would be able to scream Habeas Corpus! They would then have to explain why they put you in jail. If they can’t provide a good reason, you would have to be released from game jail. That’s essentially how Habeas Corpus works in real life. It makes sure no one can lock you up without a valid reason.