Understanding the Legal Provisions for Indigent Success: A Deep Dive into the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

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Understanding the Legal Provisions for Indigent Success: A Deep Dive into the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

In this comprehensive article, our legal experts at SimranLaw explore the legal provisions for indigent success, specifically focusing on the Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), 1908. Combining decades of experience and expertise, we dissect complex legal issues with the aim of deepening your understanding of law.

Indigent Persons And Their Legal Rights

Before delving into the complexities of the CPC, it’s crucial to understand who can be termed as ‘indigent persons’. Any individual who lacks the financial means to pay court fees and legal expenses is recognized as an indigent person under Indian law. They are offered certain legal protections to ensure justice is accessible to all.

Understanding The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

  1. The establishment of the Concept of Indigency: The concept of indigency is established directly in the CPC, mainly in Order XXXIII. This order allows an indigent person to institute a suit without paying court fees upfront. However, if successful, they are liable to pay these fees from any net proceeds realized as a result of the litigation.

  2. Criteria for Indigency: According to Rule 1 of Order XXXIII, a person is considered indigent if they are not a minor and if they cannot afford property worth one thousand rupees apart from their dwelling house and wearing apparel.

  3. The Application Process: The process for filing as an indigent person is detailed in Rule 2 of Order XXXIII. This outlines the need for two elements – a schedule of any movable or immovable property owned by the applicant, and an affidavit verifying such property.

Case Laws and Judgments

Let’s now take a closer look at some case laws and judgments that have played a role in the interpretation of these provisions:

  1. Trilochan Mishra Vs. State of Orissa: In this case, the Supreme Court held that the test of indigency is not whether a person is absolutely destitute or completely impoverished but whether he possesses sufficient means to pay court fees.

  2. Sheik Subhan Vs. Government of Andhra Pradesh: The court held that Order XXXIII gives ample powers to the court to expunge false or vexatious claims of indigency.

  3. Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerala: In this landmark judgment, the court observed that justice should be accessible to all, especially to those who cannot afford it, reinforcing the constitutional validity of provisions for indigent persons.


The protection of indigent persons under Indian law signifies the commitment towards ensuring justice for all, irrespective of their financial status. The provisions within the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 are a testament to inclusive legal practices that strive to extend justice beyond economic barriers.

At SimranLaw, we believe in empowering our readers with in-depth understanding of such complex legal aspects. Stay tuned for more insights from our legal experts.

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