Search this article on Google: What are the key legal provisions regulating Debt Capital Markets in India?
As legal experts at SimranLaw, a reputable Law Firm in Chandigarh, India, we have extensive experience navigating the complex legal landscape of the nation’s debt capital markets. The laws regulating these markets in India are multifaceted and can pose significant challenges to entities and investors who are not well-versed in their intricate details.
1. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
SEBI is the chief regulator of capital markets in India and creates regulations for the issuance and listing of debt securities. The SEBI (Issue and Listing of Debt Securities) Regulations, 2008, direct the terms of issuance, offering, and listing of non-convertible debt securities. This law specifies various disclosure requirements, rating requirements, and other conditions that issuers must comply with.
2. The Companies Act 2013
This act provides the framework for the issuance of debentures by companies and the creation of a Debenture Redemption Reserve (DRR). Section 71 of the act explicitly mentions that a company may issue debentures with an option to convert them into shares, either whole or in part at the time of redemption.
Case Law: In ‘Vodafone Idea Ltd v. Union of India (2020)’, the Delhi High Court dealt with the issue of creating a DRR by telecom service providers. The court ruled that telecom companies would not be required to maintain a DRR for debentures issued by them, which diverged from the existing legal provisions.
3. The Reserve Bank of India
The RBI regulates the issuance of debt securities by banks and NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Companies) through several master directions including the Master Direction – Non-Banking Financial Company – Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Company and Deposit taking Company (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016.
4. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016
This law has significantly impacted the Debt Capital Markets in India. It provides a time-bound process to resolve insolvency and to liquidate a company if necessary.
Case Law: In ‘Essar Steel Ltd v. Satish Kumar Gupta & Ors. (2019)’, the Supreme Court interpreted the IBC’s provisions and clarified the role of financial creditors and operational creditors in the process, which became a ground-breaking judgment affecting the functioning of Debt Capital Markets.
This Act allows speedy recovery of debts by facilitating the establishment of tribunals for this purpose. This provision illustrates the importance of a robust legal mechanism to ensure that debts are recovered promptly in the financial market.
In conclusion, an understanding of the legal provisions regulating Debt Capital Markets in India is critical for both entities wishing to raise resources through this route and investors proposing to invest in these securities. As experienced legal practitioners, we, at SimranLaw, are well-positioned to guide you through these complexities.